The medical education is all about becoming a medical professional; it could be through medical institutes or internships for initial schooling of medical physicians, additional fellowship or residency training subsequently, or special education to grow into an Assistant Physician. There is a great variation in medical training and education in different countries of the world. Medical education, a dynamic field in academic research, has always been based on diverse teaching styles.
It is an expensive kind of education. As compared with other high priced items, its importance and necessity cannot be denied anyway. However, the prevalent educational system can well be examined for its value, be it a large-scale probe about medical education duration or small-scale inquiry of attending practitioner’s in-patient rotation.
Oblivion to the best ways of medical education deliverance can not only cost big bucks on poor-quality training, but would generate such medical practitioners who might be incapable to deal with their patients optimally. Only a standard research in this domain can reduce the chances of such detrimental ignorance. But for a well-done research in the field of medical education, an ample funding is required. However, insufficient know-how about quality education in medical field, which might be due to limited resources, funding and research, is also costing a huge amount.
The entry level programs in medical education come under tertiary level courses taught at medical schools. These programs, depending upon university or jurisdiction, can serve either for undergraduate entry (as in China, India or Europe), or they might be used for graduate level entry (as in Canada, Australia, and United States).
Generally, the initial medical training given at medical institutes has been divided into pre-clinical training and clinical training. In pre-clinical training, elementary science subjects are taught such as physiology, anatomy, pathology, pharmacology or biochemistry. While clinical training is about various domains of medicine like pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics, psychiatry, surgery, and gynecology. Nevertheless, at many institutions in order to make the learning integrated, a systematic curriculum is used for medical courses.
You would also see an explosion of medical programs combining medical education either with research such as M.D./Ph.D. or D.O./Ph.D., or with management sciences such as M.D./ MBA. However, this trend has been highly criticized since intrusion of foreign subjects in medical studies has proved to be damaging for medical knowledge.
After having an entry level clinical training, fresh graduate physicians need to have supervised medical practice for a period before they are granted a registration; this practice period is mostly of 1 year length, and this might be called as provisional registration, residency or internship.
Thereafter, physicians can undertake specialized training in a specific medical field. Under some systems, this specialized training can be undertaken immediately after initial training, whereas in other places, the new physicians have to go through generalized training before starting their specialization.
Post-graduate medical education is increasingly encompassing education theory as its important part. The educators at medical schools are also now required to be qualified in education subject.
Presently, in U.K. a degree holder student has to spend 4 or 5 years at medical university for his/her initial medical training. After completion of these courses, a bachelor’s degree in ‘Medicine and Surgery’ is awarded such as MBBS, MBChB, BM, MBBCh etc. Two internship programs named F1 and F2 are followed by this degree. However, on accomplishing F1 students can get registered with ‘UK General Medical Council’.
However, in Canada and United States, before pursuing a graduate medical course, students must complete their undergraduate in any related subject. Usually, medical program is 4 years long but in case of research oriented studies such as M.D. /Ph.D. it might take up to 10 years. In Australia, this medical training system is almost similar except some variations.